Certain important terms used in these Rules are defined as follows:

Section A. Binding Resolutions of the Business Meeting are those that

(1) require or prohibit any action by the Board of Representatives or by an Organisational Officer, which shall remain in effect until the commencement of the next Business Meeting;

(2) approve or change the IPA's relationship with a Constituent Organisation or IPA Member; or

(3) require that a matter be submitted to the full IPA Membership by IPA Membership ballot.

Section B. Board of Representatives (“Board”) is the IPA’s Board of Directors.

Section C. Constituent Organisations. Constituent Organisations are the psychoanalytical Component Societies and Provisional Societies and the Regional Association of the IPA.

Section D. The Corporation refers to the English corporation, formed on 21 January 1998, named the IPA.

Section E. Entire Voting Membership. The Entire Voting Membership of a body, such as the Board is the total number of persons who serve as voting members of that body at the time, as distinguished from the total number authorised to serve or who are present at a meeting.

Section F. Gender. The words “he” and “his” refer equally to the words “she” and “hers” respectively, and vice versa.

Section G. Geographical Areas. The IPA’s Membership is divided into three Geographical Areas: Europe (plus Australia, Israel and India), Latin America (the Western hemisphere, excluding the United States and Canada), and North America (the United States, Canada and Japan).

Section H. IPA refers to the IPA, the organisation and corporation governed by these Rules.

Section I. IPA Criteria are those professional, ethical, training, organisational or operational standards, rules, procedures, and other requirements (including IPA Membership dues) and prohibitions duly adopted from time to time by the IPA in its discretion, which appear in the Procedural Code and apply to, and must be honored by, IPA Members and/or Constituent Organisations. Changes in applicable IPA Criteria apply prospectively to IPA Members and Constituent Organisations.

Section J. IPA Members are those individual psychoanalysts who meet prevailing IPA Criteria for IPA Membership and who attain IPA Membership status through a Constituent Organisation or by the IPA having accepted them as IPA Direct Members.

Section K. Officers. The IPA’s Organisational Officers are IPA Members duly elected or appointed to the offices of President (or Interim President), Treasurer and Vice President to manage the IPA, per Rule 7. Corporate Officers, if any, are appointed by the Board, which designates their administrative functions.

Section L. Procedural Code. The Procedural Code is a compilation of IPA Criteria and other important IPA policies, procedures and rules. The Procedural Code’s contents shall be determined periodically by the Board or as directed by these Rules.

Section M. Psychoanalysis. The term “psychoanalysis” refers to a theory of personality structure and function and to a specific psychotherapeutic technique. This body of knowledge is based on and derived from the fundamental psychological discoveries made by Sigmund Freud. The words “psychoanalysis,” “psychoanalytical,” etc., are the equivalents of the words “psycho-analysis,” “psycho-analytical,” etc.

Section N. Rules. These Rules are the Rules of the IPA adopted pursuant to the Articles of Association of the Corporation.

Section O. Survey Method refers to communications to, and possibly from, the IPA’s individual Members, directly or via the IPA’s Constituent Organisations using electronic or other means similar to those that might be employed in “Surveys of Membership” under these Rules. Survey Method seeks to distribute information to (and/or receive it from) the IPA Membership promptly and cost-effectively.