Section A
. Name. The IPA, referred to herein as “the IPA,” is the organisation governed by these Rules.

Section B. Corporate Status. The IPA is incorporated in England and Wales under the Companies Acts 1985 to 1989 as a company limited by guarantee under registered number 3496765. The Corporation is governed by the law for the time being in England and Wales governing companies limited by guarantee and not having a share capital (“English Company Law”). It is a charity registered with the Charity Commission in England and Wales under registered number 1071752 and consequently it is also governed by the laws for the time being in England and Wales governing charities (“English Charity Law”).

Section C. Tax-exempt Status. The IPA functions as a charity for the purposes of the United Kingdom tax laws.

Section D. History. The IPA is a professional association of psychoanalysts, founded by Sigmund Freud in 1910, the operations and assets of which are now run and owned by the Corporation.

Section E. IPA Members. The IPA is an association of psychoanalysts throughout the world (“IPA Members”), who govern the IPA pursuant to these Rules. IPA Members are trained and qualified for psychoanalytic practice and IPA Membership by Constituent Organisations that apply IPA Criteria. Qualified psychoanalysts from areas not served by an IPA Constituent Organisation may be admitted as Direct Members of the IPA.

Section F. Constituent Organisations. The IPA’s worldwide operations include those of its Constituent Organisations, which are separate entities and do not act as the IPA’s agents unless expressly authorised by the IPA in writing.

Section G. IPA Operations. The IPA may operate in any jurisdiction where it (1) is incorporated or (2) actively conducts substantial operations. The IPA may establish subsidiary entities in the United Kingdom and other jurisdictions, as necessary or desirable to achieve its purposes.

Section H. Administrative offices. The IPA’s administrative offices shall be in London, England, unless the Board determines otherwise. The office of the President shall be located in the country where the President resides.

Section I. Corporate authority. The IPA shall possess and may, subject to its Memorandum and Articles of Association, exercise the fullest powers permitted it by English Company Law (subject always to English Charity Law). Without limiting the prior sentence’s generality, the IPA’s powers include (1) to purchase, lease or otherwise acquire title to or interest in land or premises and (2) to sell, let, assign or otherwise dispose of such land or premises.